Karakaszi Hanifs (Dönmeh)

Sabbatai Tsevi's Hanif (Dönmeh) movement began as a response to the Khmelnitsky pogroms. At least 100,000 Jews were either killed (perhaps 40,000), enslaved or converted to Christianity during the uprising. In the aftermath there was an increase of interest in the Zohar, a reaction against the Talmud and a rise in messianic expectations which gave rise to the popularity of sects of Karaite Judaism, Hassidic Judaism and Contra-Talmudism / Siapwscieciuchy or Sabbatean Judaism as well as continued conversions. The adoption of an Islamic identity was a useful way of escaping the clutches of the slave trade. It was in this climate that the Podolia Eyalet was established and the Karakaszi Hanifs emerged.

Karakashi Hanifs (Dönmeh) were originally Artisans of Romaniote origin but also spoke Turkish and Ladino in which language they were called Konioso. The Karakashi Hanifs were the most numerous sect of Dönmeh and very actively missionary in mentality especially in Polish parts of Lipka (Ruthenian Lithuania) where they managed to convert Frank's family.

The Frankists developed out of a sect of Karakashi who had adopted the belief that the Alian Dervish Otman Baba had been reincarnated as Sabbatai Tsevi and who Jacob Frank claimed to be the reincarnation of in competition with the Russo sect who likewise claimed that Otman Baba had been reincarnated in Sabbatai Tsevi and more recently in someone called Barukhia Russo. As the strictest branch of Dönmeh the Karakashi Hanifs were vehemently opposed to the antinomian sexual activities such as wife-swapping rituals initiated by certain other sects of Sabbateans such as the offshoot Frankist sect and are documented as being involved in stirring up official opposition against such cults. For preserving the purest, unadulterated form of Hanif Judaery the Karakashi Hanifs were able to convert many Lipka Tatars through whom they in turn adopted ideological Sarmatianism. The Karakashi quickly adopted the Polish language and claiming common Scythian origins with the Szlachta and Cossacks were accepted with their Lipka relatives into the Nobility of the Polish-Lithuanian Sejm. Those who converted to catholicism adopted the names and coats of arms of their Godparents.
At least one such ancestor's descendants settled in part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania which became the Mogilev Gubernia. This archive is compiled by family members of his direct Great Grandson known as Lipek of the Wieliczko Coat of Arms.
Lipek's Wieliczko Herb
Some such noblemen enjoyed "Judaizing" their serfs into types of believer that became known as the Sabbatarian Judaeans (субботники иудеями) of the Russian Empire. 

No comments:

Post a Comment

Your comment will be dealt with as soon as possible.