Hanifism has been referred to as Sabi'ism, Elcesaite Judaism, Gnostic Judaism, Gnostic Christianity, Hanafite Christianity, the Johannite Tradition, even Mandaeanism (not Mandeism) or Manicheanism (not Manichaeism). One does not need to understand it to obtain its benefit, but one can not obtain its benefit except from one who does understand it. It was brought to Europe as the Manichae-ISH Paulican sect of the Tziganes (after whom the Romani people have often been wrongly called) named for the Tazigs.
Originally, Hanifism was most popular among the Parthians in contrast to the Zoroastrianism of the Sassanian Persiks and Nestorianism of the earliest Tazigs (Saracens) in the Persian Empire's Association (Quraysh) of Nobility.
The most famous Tazig was Iyas Ibn Abu Kabsha, Al-Hira's last Nestorian ruler of Persia's Lakhmid client kingdom. He was the son of the Nestorian Priest, Father Kabsha, and was married to his Nestorian wife Khadija by another Nestorian Priest called Waraqah ibn Nawfal. He himself also became a Priest, Father Kozim with his friends Father Bakr and Father Turab.
The Gnostic Bnei Noah had been badly persecuted by the Sassanians but around 609AD the multilingual Parthians succceeded in converting these influential Tazigs of Al-Hira as well as Maslama bin Habib's Banu Hanifa and many others into Sabi hearers (ishmai'i) and started to break down the Association of Tazigs and Persiks.
Led by a Jewish Ma'amad, the Tazigs and Parthians first began to assert themselves over the Persiks thanks to the Byzantines in 622AD. After the death of Khosrow II, many Persiks abandoned their language and religion in favour of the Parthian language and religion. The Parthians spread their religious materials in many languages and people began to assemble them into various different recitations.
However, after conquering Persia, Tazig unity began to break down because Ali's Eastern Tazigs maintained their Bnei Noah identity and preferred to use Parthian while Uthman's Western Tazig Umayyads (as Judaizers) established their own Ma'amad and promoted the use of Arabic as the language of the Association instead.
Thus as soon as the Sassanids had been conquered, another civil war (the 1st Fitna) broke out among the Tazigs.
Muawiya's almost Judaized Umayyads won the civil war in the 660sAD by siding with Byzantium against Ali and began to impose the Judaized Arabic Hegemony while Ali's losing Tazigs retreated with the Parthian Bnei Noah. Muawiya's Judaizers were the proto-Karaites in competition against real Jews and the Bnei Noah.
At this point the Persiks decided to try their luck again this time as the Ismaili Mawali causing the 2nd Fitna.
By 750AD the Ismaili Mawali now known as Sunni Abbasids had conquered the Umayyad Ma'amad who retreated to Spain where they held out for another 300 years.
Meanwhile, the Abbasids re-wrote history to create Islam forcibly converting the Tazigs wherever they found them.
So what happened to Parthian Hanifism? It survived into the present among certain Parthians in the North as the as Paulican-Alianism of the original Taziganes until it was adopted as the religion of the Karakaszi with whom it survives until the present.
The Tzigane perspective on the Quran's origins has been badly ignored but by exploring Tzigane Lore, this website aims, among other things, to help people who are interested to learn about the original meanings of the Quranic Marterials before those meanings were suppressed by the Abbasids.
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